History of our district


The founders of Büyükçekmece, where the first settlement started in the 7th century BC, were Helens. Büyükçekmece, which came under Byzantine rule in the 2nd century BC, was known as Athyra.

After the Hellenes, Atilla, the Great Hun Emperor, passed through Çatalca with his army in 447 AD, entered Büyükçekmece and imposed a tax on the Byzantium and went back. Avar Turks came to Istanbul via Çatalca in 616, and Bulgarians in 813 under the command of Kurum Han. In 1090, the Pechenegs reached Büyükçekmece.

Turks settled in the Byzantine delta in 1357, but the Çekmece region continued to live under Byzantine rule for a long time.

Büyükçekmece, which was connected to the Ottoman Empire after the conquest of Istanbul, was a summer and agricultural town, and there was no dense settlement in the region because it was a place for armies during the Byzantine and Ottoman periods. Especially after the 1829 Ottoman-Russian war, a large number of Turkish immigrants settled in Büyükçekmece, which was used as a hunting and wintering place during the Ottoman period.

Büyükçekmece, which was connected to Çatalca Sanjak as a district in 1876, was turned into a sub district to Çatalca in 1926 with the declaration of Çatalca as a district. Büyükçekmece, which was declared a municipality in 1958, left Çatalca district in 1987 and became an independent district.

Büyükçekmece has been a transit and accommodation point for armies and passengers in both Byzantine and Ottoman periods. Artifacts such as caravanserais, inns and Mimar Sinan's famous bridge, some of which have survived to the present day, some of which are ruins and traces have already disappeared, are important signs of being a passage.

Evliya Çelebi writes that Büyükçekmece was a sub-district of Eyüp Kadilik in the 17th century, it had a ruined castle by the sea, about a thousand flourishing houses, vineyards, and the lands of the town were foundation lands. He mentions the districts imaret, madrasah, developed bazaar, 11 inns, baths and caravanserais.

Today, Büyükçekmece is taking firm steps towards becoming a world city with its evolving face, although it preserves its characteristic as a passage or bridge of the past. The heritage and values ​​left to us by history are preserved in harmony in the Culture Park planned on the shores of Büyükçekmece Lake.